nickel ore liquefaction

  • Focus on enforcement and training as liquefaction

    Sep 20 2019 · A ban on Indonesian nickel ore exports which was brought forward to January 2020 from 2022 while hitting supramax demand should lead to a decline in liquefaction-related incidents for the international fleet but domestic trades may rise posing further risks according to Braemar-ACM.

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  • nickel ore and dangers liquefaction

    Liquefaction of cargoes of Iron ore has also been addressed in Gard News 197 (Feb/April 2010) "Liquefaction of unprocessed mineral ores Iron ore fines and nickel ore

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  • Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoesUK P I

    Bulk carriers have been facing the issue of Liquefaction for a long time with the loss of some ships being attributed to liquefaction of Iron Ore exported from India. However strong government measures seem to have reduced the dangers substantially in that sector (though some concerns persist.)In recent times the majority of Liquefaction incidents relate to Nickel ore cargoes being exported

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  • CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS

    seafarers loss their lives. Their cargoes were nickel ore the ships were sailing from Indonesia to China 13 . The cause of the sinking has not yet been definitively known but nickel ore is known to suffer the risk of liquefaction if the moisture content of the cargo exceeds the transportable moisture limit (TML) when loaded. It is very possible

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  • PhilippinesLiquefaction of Nickel Ore (2)Japan P I Club

    Oct 07 2016 · Please let us refer you to our circular 2-005 and Japan P I News No.780 "PhilippinesSafe Carriage of Nickel Ore Cargoes". During rainy season from November to April in the Philippines it is required to take more precautious measures for the issues of liquefaction of nickel ore exported from the Philippines. Particularly far more care should be taken for cargoes exported from

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  • Cargo Liquefaction Risk and Nickel Ore Exportsmfame.guru

    Sep 01 2017 · Unlike liquefaction of granular materials where increased pore water pressure is the trigger liquefaction of clay-like materials such as nickel ore involves fatigue of the material. Stresses on the material from loading and due to ship motion and vibrations reduce the cohesion and strength of

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  • Understanding and Managing the Liquefaction of Bulk Ores

    Liquefaction of bulk ores has been identified as the root cause behind the loss at sea of five vessels and 80 lives in recent years. While all these cases have involved cargos of nickel ore there is a growing concern that other bulk cargos including coal have the properties to cause liquefaction-related incidents.

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  • MARITIME LAW The facts of liquefaction The DCN

    The nickel ore prior to loading had been stockpiled in areas open to the weather which increased the moisture content of the cargo. Catastrophic loss of vessels and crews due to liquefaction has led to the International Maritime Organization codifying safe practices in relation to cargoes susceptible to liquefaction.

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  • Nickel ore liquefaction alert Hellenic Shipping News

    Nickel ore liquefaction alert in Marine Insurance P I Club News 06/09/2019 In the nickel ore regions of Indonesia and the Philippines the rainy season starts in June and lasts until November.

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  • SuggestionsNorth P IGlobal Service Built Around You

    The carriage of lateritic ores such as nickel ore is problematic. Nickel ore is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceeds its Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). Cargo liquefaction may lead to a loss of stability to the extent that the ship may capsize.

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  • Skuld warns on nickel ore liquefaction risk Insurance

    Sep 11 2019 · Skuld said that it recently had nickel ore liquefaction issue on an entered vessel. She loaded nickel ore in the Philippines and two days later cargo liquefaction occurred when facing a tropical storm. The Master reported that the cargo in holds number 1 and 2 had liquefied and the depth of the liquefaction was about 70cm from the cargo surface.

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  • Liquefaction Incidents of Mineral Cargoes on Board Bulk

    (10) After investigation the probable causes of the accident it is believed to be the liquefaction of the nickel ore cargo inside holds numbers 1 4 and 5. The flow state of the nickel ore cargo might have caused the vessel to list capsize and sink. 2.5. Case Study 5 Hong Wei.

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  • MARITIME BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION

    Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soil-like cargoes such as iron ore fines nickel ore and various mineral concentrates are examples of materials that may liquefy. If liquefaction occurs on board a vessel the stability will be reduced due to the free surface effect

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  • PhilippinesLiquefaction of Nickel Ore from Surigao

    Jul 21 2015 · The nickel ore in two of the vessel s cargo holds liquefied when heavy weather was encountered approximately 225 miles south east of Taiwan causing a heavy list. Although the master headed for a port of refuge with an escort tug in attendance the list increased to the point where it was necessary to abandon ship.

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  • June 2018 Loss Prevention Liquefaction of Mineral Ores and

    Liquefaction of Mineral Ores and Mineral Concentrates June 2018 Introduction Solid bulk cargoes such as unprocessed mineral ores and refined mineral concentrates may Nickel ore has high clay content and contains a substantial proportion of material coarser than

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  • Skuld warns on nickel ore liquefaction risk Insurance

    Sep 11 2019 · Skuld said that it recently had nickel ore liquefaction issue on an entered vessel. She loaded nickel ore in the Philippines and two days later cargo liquefaction occurred when facing a tropical storm. The Master reported that the cargo in holds number 1 and 2 had liquefied and the depth of the liquefaction was about 70cm from the cargo surface.

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  • Nickel Ore LiquefactionAnother Tragic Episode

    Sep 09 2019 · Emerald Star (2017) nickel ore The known cause of these tragic losses was cargo liquefaction involving iron ore fines nickel ore or bauxite. Although all are classified as solid bulk cargoes there is always a level of water present within the granular texture of the materials.

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  • SuggestionsNorth P IGlobal Service Built Around You

    The carriage of lateritic ores such as nickel ore is problematic. Nickel ore is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceeds its Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). Cargo liquefaction may lead to a loss of stability to the extent that the ship may capsize.

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  • Cargo liquefactionGARD

    Gard News Articles on Cargo Liquefaction. Gard News 205 Cargo liquefactionAn update. Gard News 205 IMSBC Code amendments regarding cargoes that may liquefy. Gard News 197 Liquefaction of unprocessed mineral oresIron ore fines and nickel ore. Gard News 197 The carriage of nickel ore from the Philippines and IndonesiaThe insurance

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  • Bulk cargo liquefactionNorwegian Hull Club

    are more yellow and granular. Lateritic nickel ore has long been known to liquefy with disastrous results. In 1988 the Mega Taurus was carrying ore from the Philippines when it capsized with the loss of all 20 crewmen. That same year the Sea Prospect was shipping nickel ore from Indonesia when it capsized with the loss of 10 lives.

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  • Bulk cargo liquefaction guidanceDNV GL

    Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soil-like material is abruptly transformed from a solid dry state to an almost fluid state. Many common bulk cargoes such as iron ore fines nickel ore and various mineral concentrates are examples of materials that may liquefy.

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  • Nickel ore bulk liquefaction a handymax incident and

    Jul 15 2017 · Nickel ore liquefaction has a direct correlation between the parameters of moisture content (MC) within the cargo and the response motion of the ship steering through its encountering weather condition at seas. The focus parameter of the potential onset of liquefaction is the amount of moisture content within the cargo.

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  • MARITIME LAW The facts of liquefaction The DCN

    The nickel ore prior to loading had been stockpiled in areas open to the weather which increased the moisture content of the cargo. Catastrophic loss of vessels and crews due to liquefaction has led to the International Maritime Organization codifying safe practices in relation to cargoes susceptible to liquefaction.

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  • Problem of Cargo Liquefaction in the Maritime Industry

    Aug 08 2019 · The understanding of the nature of liquefaction as well as microscopic and macroscopic behavior of the material when liquefied led us to identify the critical parameters that cause cargo liquefaction. The cargoes which are more susceptible to liquefaction are iron ore fines and nickel ore even though any granular cargo may liquefy.

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  • PhilippinesLiquefaction of Nickel Ore from Surigao

    Jul 21 2015 · The nickel ore in two of the vessel s cargo holds liquefied when heavy weather was encountered approximately 225 miles south east of Taiwan causing a heavy list. Although the master headed for a port of refuge with an escort tug in attendance the list increased to the point where it was necessary to abandon ship.

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  • Sampling and Testing of Bulk Cargo Decision to Load

    In some cases such as with some nickel ore cargoes the subject of their own briefing not only can the techniques used for testing be deficient but also the inhomogeneous nature of the cargo itself makes FMP determination using the techniques described in the IMSBC Code problematic as they are designed for more homogeneous cargoes.

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  • Nickel ore liquefaction alert Hellenic Shipping News

    Nickel ore liquefaction alert in Marine Insurance P I Club News 06/09/2019 In the nickel ore regions of Indonesia and the Philippines the rainy season starts in June and lasts until November.

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  • Nickel Ore LiquefactionAnother Tragic Episode

    Sep 09 2019 · Emerald Star (2017) nickel ore The known cause of these tragic losses was cargo liquefaction involving iron ore fines nickel ore or bauxite. Although all are classified as solid bulk cargoes there is always a level of water present within the granular texture of the materials.

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  • Nickel ore liquefaction alertSkuld

    Aug 05 2019 · Nickel ore liquefactionrecent Skuld experience. We recently had a nickel ore liquefication issue on an entered vessel. She loaded nickel ore in the Philippines and two days later cargo liquefication occurred when facing a tropical storm. The Master reported that the cargo in holds number 1 and 2 had liquefied and the depth of the

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  • The risk of liquefaction from nickel ore cargo remains

    Nov 08 2019 · Nickel ore liquefaction remains a key point of concern for shipowners and charterers argues Janice Dao Yeung Yeung Senior Claims Executive Lawyer Skuld P I Club who has provided a detailed analysis of the regulatory obligations surrounding the nickel ore cargo from the Philippines and Indonesia for masters charterers owners shippers as well as insurers.

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  • Understanding and Managing the Liquefaction of Bulk Ores

    Liquefaction of bulk ores has been identified as the root cause behind the loss at sea of five vessels and 80 lives in recent years. While all these cases have involved cargos of nickel ore there is a growing concern that other bulk cargos including coal have the properties to cause liquefaction-related incidents.

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  • LiquefactionNautical Institute

    The guideline aims to raise the awareness of the risks of liquefaction and describes mitigating actions to reduce these risks. Many common bulk cargoes such as iron ore fines nickel ore and various mineral concentrates have the potential to transform into an almost fluid state threatening the stability of

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  • Nickel orea liquefaction riskSkuld

    Liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010 the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes has caused the capsize of seven vessels.

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  • Tackling Cargo LiquefactionUK P I

    Nickel ore iron ore fines and bauxite for instance have all exhibited liquefaction properties despite being originally unclassified or listed as Group C cargoes. Nickel Ore

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  • Liquefying Bulk CargoesAmerican Club

    Concerns about nickel ore • Demand for nickel ore • International regulations IMSBC Code • Characteristics of liquefaction • Risks to vessel • Ship staff controlling loading • Compliance with IMSBC Code What is really going on • Insurance implications . P. AGE. 2 .

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